IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > A > addition reaction
icon

IndexesDownload


addition reaction

A chemical reaction of two or more reacting molecular entities, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components, with formation of two chemical bonds and a net reduction in bond multiplicity in at least one of the reactants. The reverse process is called an elimination reaction. The addition may occur at only one site (α-addition, 1/1/addition), at two adjacent sites (1/2/addition) or at two non-adjacent sites (1/3/- or 1/4/addition, etc.). For example:
A00133-1
A00133-2
If the reagent or the source of the addends of an addition are not specified, then it is called an addition transformation.
Source:
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1081
InChI=1/C4H6/c1-3-4-2/h3-4H,1-2H2
KAKZBPTYRLMSJV-UHFFFAOYAZ
InChI=1/C4H6Br2/c5-3-1-2-4-6/h1-2H,3-4H2/b2-1-
RMXLHIUHKIVPAB-UPHRSURJBH
InChI=1/C4H6Br2/c1-2-4(6)3-5/h2,4H,1,3H2
ZBQFRDTZYRRHRU-UHFFFAOYAO
InChI=1/p+1/fH/q+1
GPRLSGONYQIRFK-XXNIATESCL
InChI=1/BrH/h1H/p-1/fBr/h1h/q-1
CPELXLSAUQHCOX-ZMJNGJBWCE
InChI=1/C4H8/c1-4(2)3/h1H2,2-3H3
VQTUBCCKSQIDNK-UHFFFAOYAW
InChI=1/C4H9Br/c1-4(2,3)5/h1-3H3
RKSOPLXZQNSWAS-UHFFFAOYAL
Interactive Link Maps
First LevelSecond LevelThird Level
GraphGraphGraph
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.A00133.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/A00133.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
Current PDF version | Version for print | History of this term
picture