IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > A > annihilation


  1. (in radiochemistry) An interaction between a particle and its antiparticle in which they both disappear.
  2. (in photochemistry) Two atoms or molecular entities both in an excited electronic state interact often (usually upon collision) to produce one atom or molecular entity in an excited electronic state and another in its ground electronic state. This phenomenon (annihilation) is sometimes referred to as energy pooling.
    PAC, 1996, 68, 2223 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 2228
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2008-10-07; version: 2.0.2.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.A00366.
Original PDF version (may be out of date): http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/A00366.pdf.
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