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biosphere

in atmospheric chemistry
That part of the globe that encompasses all forms of life on the earth. It extends from the ocean depths to a few thousand metres of altitude in the atmosphere, and includes life forms at the earth's surface, in soils and constituents which exchange materials with atmospheres, oceans or surfaces.
Source:
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)) on page 2176
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.B00664.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/B00664.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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