Theoretical index of the degree of bonding between two atoms relative to that of a single bond, i.e. the bond provided by one localized electron pair. In molecular orbital
theory it is the sum of the products of the corresponding atomic orbital coefficients (weights) over all the occupied molecular spin-orbitals.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1090
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook