In a molecule, smaller bond angles are formed between electronegative ligands
since the central atom
, to which the ligands
are attached, tends to direct bonding hybrid orbitals of greater p
character towards its more electronegative substituents.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook