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cage effect
When in a condensed phase, or in a dense gas, reactant molecules come together, or species are formed in proximity to one another, and are caged in by surrounding molecules, they may undergo a set of collisions known as an encounter; the term 'cage effect' is then applied.
The cage effect is also known as the Franck–Rabinowitch effect.
See also: cage.
PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 155
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Cite as: IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology, Electronic version, http://goldbook.iupac.org/C00771.html.
Transformed and rewritten from PDF version (entry http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/C00771.pdf)
by: Miloslav Nic, Jiri Jirat, Bedrich Kosata, ICT Prague, Czech Republic