A substance in appreciable amount which, when associated with a trace of a specified substance, will carry the trace with it through a chemical or physical process.
PAC, 1982, 54, 1533
(Glossary of terms used in nuclear analytical chemistry (Provisional))
on page 1537
PAC, 1976, 46, 71
(Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units - Appendix II. Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Part II: Heterogeneous Catalysis)
on page 79
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook