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chemical ionization

in mass spectrometry
This concerns the process whereby new ionization species are formed when gaseous molecules interact with ions. The process may involve transfer of an electron, proton or other charged species between the reactants. When a positive ion results from chemical ionization, the term may be used without qualification. When a negative ion is involved, the term negative ion chemical ionization should be used; note that negative ion formation by attachment of a free electron does not fall within this definition. Chemical ionization and chemi-ionization are two terms which should not be used interchangeably.
See also: chemi-ionization
Source:
PAC, 1991, 63, 1541 (Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy (including an appendix of terms used in vacuum technology). (Recommendations 1991)) on page 1547
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)) on page 2179
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.C01026.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/C01026.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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