An irreversible interfacial reaction of a material (metal, ceramic
, polymer) with its enviroment which results in consumption of the material or in dissolution
into the material of a component of the enviroment. Often, but not necessarily, corrosion results in effects detrimental to the usage of the material considered. Exclusively physical or mechanical processes such as melting
, abrasion or mechanical fracture are not included in the term corrosion.
PAC, 1989, 61, 19
(Electrochemical corrosion nomenclature (Recommendations 1988))
on page 20
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook