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current density

The current density j B of a species B in a given point of the solution is obtained by multiplying the flux density of that species at the given point by the Faraday constant F and by the charge number z B of the species:
j B = z B F N B
where j B is a vector which indicates the direction in which the charges transported by the species B flow and which gives the number of these charges going through a plane oriented perpendicular to the vector, divided by time and by area, and N B is the flux density of a minor constituent of the solution with respect to a fixed frame of reference.
Source:
PAC, 1981, 53, 1827 (Nomenclature for transport phenomena in electrolytic systems) on page 1833
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.C01452.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/C01452.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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