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ferroelectric (antiferroelectric) transition

A transition from a ferroelectric to either another ferroelectric, or a paraelectric, or an antiferroelectric state. Example: The transition of the low-temperature, cubic paraelectric BaTiO3 to the high-temperature, tetragonal, ferroelectric form at 393 K.
  1. In an antiferroelectric transition individual dipoles become arranged antiparallel to adjacent dipoles with the result that the net spontaneous polarization is zero.
  2. Ferroelectric/antiferroelectric transitions also occur in the liquid-crystal state. These states are dependent on the alternating nature of dipoles between layers in the smectic state.
PAC, 1994, 66, 577 (Definitions of terms relating to phase transitions of the solid state (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 582
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.F02347.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/F02347.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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