Comprises all gas chromatographic methods in which the stationary phase
is an active solid
, molecular sieves). Separation is achieved by adsorption of the components of a sample. In gas chromatography
the distinction between gas-liquid and gas-solid may be obscure because liquids are used to modify solid stationary phases, and because the solid supports for liquid stationary phases affect the chromatographic process. For classification by the phases used, the term relating to the predominant effect should be chosen.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook