Non-fluid colloidal network
or polymer network
that is expanded throughout its whole volume by a fluid.
- A gel has a finite, usually rather small, yield stress.
- A gel can contain:
a covalent polymer network, e.g., a network formed by crosslinking polymer chains or by non-linear polymerization;
a polymer network formed through the physical aggregation of polymer chains, caused by hydrogen bonds,
crystallization, helix formation, complexation, etc, that results in regions of local order acting
as the network junction points. The resulting swollen network may be termed a thermoreversible gel if
the regions of local order are thermally reversible;
a polymer network formed through glassy junction points, e.g., one based on block copolymers.
If the junction points are thermally reversible glassy domains, the resulting swollen network may also
be termed a thermoreversible gel;
lamellar structures including mesophases, e.g., soap gels, phospholipids and clays;
particulate disordered structures, e.g., a flocculent precipitate usually consisting of particles with
large geometrical anisotropy, such as in
gels and globular or fibrillar protein gels.
Corrected from previous definition where the definition is via the property identified in
Note 1 (above) rather than of the structural characteristics that describe a gel.
PAC, 2007, 79, 1801
(Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007))
on page 1806
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook