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graphite whiskers

Also contains definition of: carbon whiskers

Thin, approximately cylindrical filaments in which graphene layers are arranged in a scroll-like manner. There is, at least in part, a regular stacking of the layers as in the graphite lattice, giving rise to h,k,l, X-ray reflections. The physical properties of graphite whiskers approach, along the cylinder axis, those of graphite.
Note:
If there is, due to misalignment of the layers caused by their bending, no three-dimensional stacking order as in graphite, the term carbon whiskers should be used. Graphite whiskers and carbon whiskers should be distinguished from more disordered filamentous carbon.
Source:
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 492
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.G02688.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/G02688.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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