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graphite whiskers

Also contains definition of: carbon whiskers

Thin, approximately cylindrical filaments in which graphene layers are arranged in a scroll-like manner. There is, at least in part, a regular stacking of the layers as in the graphite lattice, giving rise to h,k,l, X-ray reflections. The physical properties of graphite whiskers approach, along the cylinder axis, those of graphite.
If there is, due to misalignment of the layers caused by their bending, no three-dimensional stacking order as in graphite, the term carbon whiskers should be used. Graphite whiskers and carbon whiskers should be distinguished from more disordered filamentous carbon.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 492
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.G02688.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/G02688.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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