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η (eta or hapto)

in inorganic nomenclature
An affix giving a topological indication of the bonding between a π-electron ligand and the central atom in a coordination entity. A right superscript numerical index indicates the number of ligating atoms in the π-electron system of the ligand which bind to the central atom. Examples:
  1. [Fe(CO)3(C4H6SO)], tricarbonyl(η2-dihydrothiophene 1-oxide-κO)iron.
  2. [Cr(CO)4(C4H6)], tetracarbonyl(η4-2-methylene-1,3-propanediyl)chromium.
Source:
See also:
Blue Book, p. 465
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1120
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.H01881.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/H01881.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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