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ideal gas

Gas which obeys the equation of state p V = n R T (the ideal gas law; p is the pressure, V the volume, n the amount of molecules, R the gas constant and T the thermodynamic temperature). For an ideal gas the fugacity, f, of each constituent B is equal to its partial pressure, p B, f B = p B = x B p, where x B is the amount fraction of B.
Source:
Physical Chemistry Division, unpublished
See also:
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)) on page 2196
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.I02935.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/I02935.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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