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mobile phase

in chromatography
A fluid which percolates through or along the stationary bed, in a definite direction. It may be a liquid (liquid chromatography) or a gas (gas chromatography) or a supercritical fluid (supercritical-fluid chromatography). In gas chromatography the expression carrier gas may be used for the mobile phase. In elution chromatography the expression 'eluent' is also used for the mobile phase.
Source:
PAC, 1993, 65, 819 (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 824
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)) on page 2202
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.M03952.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/M03952.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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