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molecular beams

Also contains definitions of: beam-gas experiments, crossed molecular beams

A molecular beam is produced by allowing a gas at higher pressure to expand through a small orifice into a container at lower pressure. The result is a beam of particles (atoms, free radicals, molecules or ions) moving at approximately equal velocities, with few collisions occurring between them. In a crossed molecular-beam experiment a reaction is studied using collimated beams of reactant molecules. For a bimolecular reaction, beams of the two reactants are caused to impinge on one another, often at an angle of 90°. In a beam-gas scattering experiment a collimated beam is introduced into a gas, and the scattering patterns are observed.
Source:
PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 175
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.M03982.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/M03982.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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