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optical parametric oscillator

Acronym: OPO

Light source similar to a laser, but based on 'non-linear optical gain' from parametric amplification rather than on stimulated emission.
Notes:
  1. The device is a powerful solid-state source of broadly tunable coherent radiation. It consists of a crystal, usually BBO (BaB2O4), located inside an optical resonator and pumped by a very intense laser beam (typically provided by a pulsed neodymium laser or a diode laser). The pump beam (wavelength λ p frequency ν p) is partially converted into two coherent beams, the signal and the idler, with wavelengths (λ s, λ I) and frequencies (ν s, ν I) such that ν s + ν i = ν p. By simultaneous rotation of the crystal and adjustment of the optical resonator, the wavelength of the signal beam is continuously tunable, theoretically from λ p to 2 × λ p and practically over a slightly more reduced range.
  2. For example, for λ p = 355 nm (3rd harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser), ν s can be tuned from 400 nm (with λ i ≈ 3.15 μm) up to 600 nm (with λ i ≈ 870 nm).
  3. This 'splitting of one photon into two photons' is the reverse of the 'sum frequency mixing' used, for instance, to generate the 3rd harmonic of a laser emission by mixing in a convenient crystal the fundamental and the frequency doubled beams (a way to get the 3rd harmonic much more efficiently than by pure frequency tripling as described under harmonic frequency generation).
Source:
PAC, 2007, 79, 293 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 378
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.OT07438.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/OT07438.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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