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pooled relative standard deviation | population inversion |

A problem often arises when the combination of several series of measurements performed under similar conditions is desired to achieve an improved estimate of the imprecision of the process. If it can be assumed that all the series are of the same precision although their means may differ, the pooled standard deviations
from
series of measurements can be calculated as
The suffices
refer to the different series of measurements. In this case it is assumed that there exists a single underlying standard deviation
of which the pooled standard deviation
is a better estimate than the individual calculated standard deviations
,
For the special case where sets of duplicate measurements are available, the above equation reduces to
Results from various series of measurements can be combined in the following way to give a pooled relative standard deviation
:

Source:

PAC, 1981, *53*, 1805*
(Assignment and presentation of uncertainties of the numerical results of thermodynamic measurements (Provisional))
* on page 1821

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Cite as:

IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.

IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.

Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.

DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.P04758.

Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/P04758.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.