Analysis in which substances are identified or classified on the basis of their chemical or physical properties, such as chemical reactivity, solubility
, molecular weight
point, radiative properties (emission, absorption), mass spectra, nuclear half-life, etc.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1699
(Nomenclature in evaluation of analytical methods including detection and quantification capabilities (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1701
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook