of an excited molecular entity intermolecularly by an external environmental influence
(such as a quencher
) or intramolecularly by a substituent through a non-radiative process.
When the external environmental influence (quencher) interferes with the behaviour of the excited
state after its formation, the process is referred to as dynamic quenching. Common mechanisms
include energy transfer, electron transfer, etc.
When the environmental influence inhibits the excited state formation the process is
referred to as static quenching.
PAC, 2007, 79, 293
(Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006))
on page 407
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook