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radiative absorption

in spectrochemistry

Also contains definitions of: transition probability for absorption in spectrochemistry , transition probability for stimulated emission in spectrochemistry

A process by which a particle in the ground state or an excited state may undergo transition to a higher energy level by absorption of a photon. For a given particle in the lower state of probability per second of such a transition in a field with a continuous spectrum is proportional to the spectral radiant energy density of the absorption line. The proportionality constant is termed the transition probability for absorption. The transition probability for stimulated emission is defined in a similar way for the reverse radiative de-excitation process that is induced by the same radiation field.
Source:
PAC, 1985, 57, 1453 (Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis - V: Radiation sources (Recommendations 1985)) on page 1463
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.R05060.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/R05060.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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