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reaction cross-section, σ r

A quantity used in collision theories of reactions in order to interpret calculated or experimental rates. In some collision theories the reaction cross-section is considered to be related to b max, the maximum value of the impact parameter that allows reaction to occur, by:
σ r = P r π b max 2
where P r is the reaction probability.
PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 183
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.R05169.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/R05169.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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