A process by which the equilibrium statistical distribution of the overall orientation of molecules or particles is maintained or restored. Rotational diffusion
may be compared to translational diffusion
through which the equilibrium statistical distribution of position in space is maintained or restored.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook