For an atom, an orbital with principal quantum number greater than that of any occupied orbital of the ground state
. For a molecular entity, a molecular orbital
which correlates with a Rydberg atomic orbital in an atomic fragment produced by dissociation
. Typically, the extension of the Rydberg orbital is large compared to the size of the atom or molecular entity.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223
(Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
on page 2272
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook