IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > S > scintillators



Materials used for the measurement of radioactivity, by recording the radioluminescence. They contain compounds (chromophores) which combine a high fluorescence quantum efficiency, a short fluorescence lifetime, and a high solubility. These compounds are employed as solutes in aromatic liquids and polymers to form organic liquid and plastic scintillators, respectively.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 2272
PAC, 1994, 66, 2513 (Nomenclature for radioanalytical chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 2525
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.S05507.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/S05507.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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