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singlet molecular oxygen (singlet molecular dioxygen)

Oxygen molecule (dioxygen), O2, in an excited singlet state. The ground state of O2 is a triplet (3 Σ g −). The two metastable singlet states derived from the ground-state configuration are 1 Δ g and 1 Σ g + (the latter with the higher energy).
Notes:
  1. Use of the term singlet oxygen alone, without mention of the chemical species is discouraged since it can also refer to an oxygen atom in a 1 S or 1 D excited state. The oxygen atom ground state is a triplet 3 P state and the 1 S and 1 D states are also derived from the ground-state configuration.
  2. Triplet state quenching by triplet dioxygen (i.e., a process of photosensitization) is the most common procedure for the production of singlet molecular dioxygen in solution. For many chemical species, the efficiency with which the triplet state is quenched by triplet dioxygen and, independently, the efficiency with singlet molecular dioxygen is produced, is controlled by the spin-statistical factor.
Source:
PAC, 2007, 79, 293 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 420
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.S05695.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/S05695.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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