IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > S > spin-flip method
icon

IndexesDownload


spin-flip method

Quantum mechanical method for the calculation of open-shell excited states. The method accurately describes low-lying multi-configurational electronic states of diradicals and triradicals in an efficient and robust single-reference scheme. The target low-spin states (e.g., S = 0 or S = 1/2) are described as spin-flipping excitations (S = −1) from a well-behaved high-spin reference state (e.g., S = 1 or S = 3/4). By employing theoretical models of increasing complexity for the reference (e.g., SCF, MP2, CCSD), the accuracy in the target states’ description can be systematically improved. The SF methods result in multistate single-step computational schemes, e.g., several low-lying states can be computed in a single calculation that includes both dynamical and non-dynamical correlation effects.
Source:
PAC, 2007, 79, 293 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 427
Interactive Link Maps
First LevelSecond LevelThird Level
GraphGraphGraph
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.ST07481.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/ST07481.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
Current PDF version | Version for print | History of this term
picture