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total retention volume (time), V R, t R

in column chromatography
The volume of mobile phase entering the column between sample injection and the emergence of the peak maximum of the sample component of interest, or the corresponding time. It includes the hold-up volume (time):
t R = V R F c
where F c is the mobile phase flow rate at column temperature.
Source:
PAC, 1993, 65, 819 (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 841
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Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.T06413.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/T06413.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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