IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > T > transfer RNA (tRNA)


transfer RNA (tRNA)

A single-stranded RNA molecule containing about 70-90 nucleotides, folded by intrastrand base pairing into a characteristic secondary ('cloverleaf') structure that carries a specific amino acid and matches it to its corresponding codon on an mRNA during protein synthesis.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143 (Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992)) on page 167
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.T06445.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/T06445.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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