A quantity ζ which enters into equations at any point where the flow involves a change in volume, i.e. is dilatational. If the deformation is purely dilatational, the average of three normal stress
is the hydrostatic pressure at the point considered in the absence of motion.
PAC, 1979, 51, 1213
(Manual of symbols and terminology for physicochemical quantities and units. Appendix II: Definitions, terminology and symbols in colloid and surface chemistry. Part 1.13. Selected definitions, terminology and symbols for rheological properties)
on page 1216
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook