The (excess) electrons present in a specimen under electron bombardment which are
led to ground and measured as specimen current. The number of absorbed electrons per
unit time (or the specimen current), equals the number of primary electrons
minus the number of back scattered, secondary and transmitted electrons per unit
time. Therefore the fraction of electrons being absorbed depends on many parameters,
including the composition and thickness of the specimen, the primary electron energy,
the electron incidence angle
and local electrostatic fields when present.
PAC, 1983, 55, 2023
(Nomenclature, symbols and units recommended for in situ microanalysis (Provisional))
on page 2026
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook