in which the reaction medium is kept mixed and gassed by introduction of air or another
gas (mixture) at the base of a column-like reactor equipped either with a draught
tube or another device (e.g. external tube) by which the reactor volume is separated
into a gassed and an ungassed region thus generating a vertically circulating flow.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 146
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook