The difference of potential measured between identical metallic leads to two electrodes
of a cell. The applied potential is divided into two electrode potentials
, each of which is the difference of potential existing between the bulk of the solution
and the interior of the conducting material of the electrode, an
or ohmic potential drop through the solution, and another ohmic potential drop through
each electrode. In the electroanalytical literature this quantity has often been denoted
by the term voltage
, whose continued use is not recommended.
PAC, 1985, 57, 1491
(Recommended terms, symbols, and definitions for electroanalytical chemistry (Recommendations
on page 1502
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook