The units designed to simplify the form of the fundamental equations of quantum mechanics
by eliminating from them fundamental constants. The atomic unit of length is the
Bohr radius,
(
).
Energy is measured in hartrees, where
.
Masses are specified in terms of
atomic mass unit,
and of the electron mass unit,
.
The advantage of atomic units is that if all calculations are directly expressed
in such units, the results do not vary with any revision of the numerical values of
the fundamental constants.
Source:
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.