Breakdown of a substance catalysed by enzymesin vitro
or in vivo
. This may be characterized for purposes of hazard
- Primary. Alteration of the chemical structure of a substance resulting in loss of
a specific property of that substance.
Environmentally acceptable. Biodegradation to such an extent as to remove undesirable
properties of the compound. This often corresponds to primary biodegradation but it
depends on the circumstances under which the products are discharged into the environment.
Ultimate. Complete breakdown of a compound to either fully oxidized or reduced simple
molecules (such as carbon dioxide/methane, nitrate/ammonium and water. It should be
noted that the products of biodegradation can be more harmful than the substance degraded.
PAC, 1993, 65, 2003
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in toxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 1993))
on page 2020
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 148
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook