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cage effect

When in a condensed phase, or in a dense gas, reactant molecules come together, or species are formed in proximity to one another, and are caged in by surrounding molecules, they may undergo a set of collisions known as an encounter; the term 'cage effect' is then applied.
The cage effect is also known as the Franck–Rabinowitch effect.
See also: cage.
PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 155
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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