containing an even number of electrons with a significant portion of the excess positive
charge located on one or more carbon atoms. This is a general term embracing carbenium ions
, all types of carbonium ions
vinyl cations, etc. Carbocations may be named by adding the word 'cation
' to the name of the corresponding radical. Such names do not imply structure (e.g.
whether three-coordinated or five-coordinated carbon atoms are present).
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1093
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307
(Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on
structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1325
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook