Fibres (filaments, tows, yarns, rovings) consisting of at least 92% (mass fraction
, usually in the non-graphitic state.
Carbon fibres are fabricated by pyrolysis
of organic precursor fibres or by growth from gaseous hydrocarbons
. The use of the term graphite fibres
instead of carbon fibres as often observed in the literature is incorrect and should
be avoided. The term graphite fibres
is justified only if three-dimensional crystalline order is confirmed, e.g. by X-ray
PAC, 1995, 67, 473
(Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 480
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook