A substance in appreciable amount which, when associated with a tracer
of a specified substance, will carry the tracer
with it through a chemical or physical process, or prevent the tracer
from undergoing nonspecific processes due to its low concentration.
PAC, 1994, 66, 2513
(Nomenclature for radioanalytical chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 2516
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook