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catalytic graphitization

The transformation of non-graphitic carbon into graphite by heat treatment in the presence of certain metals or minerals.
Catalytic graphitization gives a fixed degree of graphitization at lower temperature and/or for a shorter heat treatment time than in the absence of the catalytic additives (or a higher degree of graphitization at fixed heat treatment conditions). Often it involves dissolution of carbon and precipitation of graphite at the catalyst particles so that non-graphitizing carbons can be graphitized by this procedure.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 484
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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