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cheletropic reaction

A form of cycloaddition across the terminal atoms of a fully conjugated system with formation of two new σ-bonds to a single atom of the ('monocentric') reagent. There is formal loss of one π-bond in the substrate and an increase in coordination number of the relevant atom of the reagent. An example is the addition of sulfur dioxide to butadiene:
The reverse of this type of reaction is designated 'cheletropic elimination'.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1094
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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