The physical process of converting a material from a gaseous or vapour phase to a
liquid or solid phase; this commonly results when the temperature is lowered and/or
the vapour pressure of the material is increased. The tendency exists for condensation
to occur when the partial pressure
of a given component of a gaseous mixture at a given temperature exceeds the vapour
pressure of the liquid or solid form of that component at the given temperature.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167
(Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990))
on page 2182
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook