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conditional (formal) potential

Conditional (formal) potential, E 0 ',is related to the potential of a cell reaction, E cell, by an equation analogous to that relating E cell to the standard potential E 0, with the activity, a i, replaced by any composition variable, c i (to be indicated by a subscript). For example:
E cell = E c 0 ' − R T n F ∑ i ν i ln c i
PAC, 1974, 37, 499 (Electrochemical nomenclature) on page 505
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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