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crystal laser

A solid state laser in which the active medium is composed of ionic species supported in a crystalline host. The first laser used a ruby crystal in which chromium ions as the active medium were supported in an aluminium oxide (sapphire) crystal. One of the most common crystal lasers involves neodymium atoms in a yttrium aluminium garnet host crystal (the YAG:Nd laser).
PAC, 1995, 67, 1913 (Nomenclature, symbols, units, and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XV. Laser-based molecular spectroscopy for chemical analysis - laser fundamentals (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1920
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2008-10-07; version: 2.0.2.
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