Electrodes which contain mobile ions of one sign and fixed sites of opposite sign.
They may be homogeneous or heterogeneous.
Homogeneous membrane electrodes are ion-selective electrodes in which the membrane is a crystalline material prepared from either a single compound or a homogeneous
mixture of compounds (i.e. Ag2S,
Heterogeneous membrane electrodes are formed when an active substance, or mixture of active substances,
is mixed with an inert matrix, such as silicone rubber or PVC, or placed on hydrophobized graphite or conducting epoxy, to form the heterogeneous sensing membrane.
PAC, 1994, 66, 2527
(Recommendations for nomenclature of ionselective electrodes (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 2534
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook