High molecular weight
, linear polymers, composed of nucleotides
containing deoxyribose and linked by phosphodiester bonds; DNA
contain the genetic information of organisms. The double-stranded form consists of
a double helix
of two complementary chains that run in opposite directions and are held together
by hydrogen bonds between pairs of the complementary nucleotides
and Hoogsteen (stacking) forces.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 151
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook