The equilibrium characterized by an unequal distribution of diffusible ions between
two ionic solutions (one or both of the solutions may be gelled) separated by a membrane
which is impermeable to at least one of the ionic species present, e.g. because they
are too large to pass through the pores of the membrane
. The membrane
may be replaced by other kinds of restraint, such as gelation
, the field of gravity, etc., which prevent some ionic components from moving from
one phase to the other, but allow other components to do so.
PAC, 1972, 31, 577
(Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix
II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry)
on page 619
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook