Process in which an active layer is formed on the membrane
by the deposition of substances contained in the fluid being treated.
PAC, 1996, 68, 1479
(Terminology for membranes and membrane processes (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
on page 1482
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook